bibliography & explanatory notes

Bibliography
Whilst much information has been gleaned from visiting these ancient monuments and generally picked up on over the years, for the compiling of the site notes I am specifically indebted to the following texts for reference, corroborating what knowledge and understanding we have, and frequently contradicting each other:

The Stone Circles of Britain, Ireland & Brittany: A.Burl (Yale)
Prehistoric Avebury: A.Burl (Yale)
Prehistoric Henges: A.Burl (Shire)
Circles of Stone: A.Burl and M.Milligan (Harvill)
Hengeworld: M.Pitts (Century)
The Modern Antiquarian: J.Cope (Thorsons)
Discovering Prehistoric England: J.Dyer (Shire)
Bronze Age Britain: M. Parker Pearson (Batsford)
Holy Places of Celtic Britain: M.Sharp (Blandford)
Celtic Britain: H.Sykes (Cassell)
Castles and Ancient Monuments of England: D.Noonan (Aurum)
Avebury: E.Francis (Wooden Books)
Stonehenge Revealed: D.Souden (Collins and Brown)

Timelines
In 1836 a Danish curator, Christian Jurgensen Thompson, developed the basic archaeological timeline still in use today, terming the Stone Age, Bronze Age and Iron Age. Subsequent experience has seen the Stone Age divided into three distinct periods: old, middle and new. Also known as the Palaeolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic. Furthermore, these ages have since been partitioned into old, middle and new too. A rough guide looks something like this:

5000BCE...Late Middle Stone Age (Late Mesolithic)
4500BCE
4000BCE...Early New Stone Age (Early Neolithic); First Henges, Monoliths, Long Barrows, Causewayed Enclosures
3500BCE
3250BCE...Middle New Stone Age (Middle Neolithic); First Stone Circles
3000BCE
2750BCE...Late New Stone Age (Late Neolithic)
2500BCE
2250BCE...Early Bronze Age; First Round Barrows
2000BCE
1750BCE...Middle Bronze Age; Earliest Surviving Chalk-cut Hill Figure?
1500BCE
1250BCE...Late Bronze Age
1000BCE
750BCE.....Iron Age; First Hill Forts
500BCE
250BCE
0
50CE.........Roman occupation

It is worth noting that this is only a well-rounded guide, and that Britain and mainland Europe were not always in sync. In fact, mainland Europe included a Copper Age from around 4500BCE to 2000BCE, entwined within the Mesolithic, Neolithic and Early Bronze Ages, with its Iron Age commencing around the time of Britainís Late Bronze Age, and so on, and so on...
If anyone is aware of obvious errors in the information attached to each site, from historical and archaeological notes through to OS refs and directions, links and typos, please feel free to contact paul@mucusart.co.uk so that they may be ammended.

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